# The Mathematical Probability Of The Shakespeare-X Message

The existence of the Shakespeare-X Message allows a definitive probability calculation which leads to a mathematically conclusive result in the matter of the Shakespeare-Marlowe imposture.

The detailed and specific mathematical modeling calculations cannot yet be publicly released due to circumstances beyond my control, however the final calculated probabilities which Lee Vidor's mathematical models produce are as follows:

1.
**The mathematical probability **f**or ANY TWO RANDOMLY CHOSEN men in England in the Elizabethan era to have the names William and Christopher:**

**Probability = 1 chance in 1212**.

**This is regardless of whether these randomly chosen men are writers or not, and ignores ALL OTHER contextual information of any type whatsoever.**

**2. The probability for the Shakespeare-X Message to be produced fully formed, by chance alone, in the known and accepted historical-biographical context in which it is seen to occur: **

**Probability =
**** 1 chance in 3,949,838,613,872,640,000,000,000,000 **

OR: **1 chance in 3.95 ****thousand trillion trillion****.**

For clarity among non mathematical readers, this number can also be stated as:

1 chance in 3.95 thousand trillion trillion

OR

1 chance in 3.95 million billion trillion

OR

1 chance in 3.95 times 10 to the power of 27.

Alternatively this mathematical probability result can also be stated thusly:

**The mathematical certainty that Christopher Marlowe wrote the works attributed to William Shakespeare is 99.999999999999999999999999605%**

This level of mathematical certitude is very greatly in excess of that demanded of any new scientific theory, in any academic field, by any and all world scientific governing bodies and academic scientific communities, in the declaration of a result as a** proof **rather than a conjecture.

# The Meaning Of This Probability Result.

**These resultant mathematical probabilities are so remote that the existence of the Shakespeare-X Message irrefutably and conclusively proves that the dramatist Christopher Marlowe wrote the plays and poetry of William Shakespeare, publicly using the initials WS and the name of William Shakespeare in all its variations as a pseudonym.**

**An Elucidation of the Meaning of this Probability Result.**

This probability result, by the accepted laws of mathematical logic, means that the probability that Christopher Marlowe did not write the works of Shakespeare is 1 chance in 3.95 thousand trillion trillion.

This probability is so extraordinarily remote as to be mathematically negligible.

This probability places the conclusion that Christopher Marlowe wrote the works of Shakespeare exceedingly far beyond the strictures of reasonable doubt in any forum or courtroom in the world. 1 chance in 3.95 thousand trillion trillion does not constitute * any* realistic doubt, neither legally nor scientifically.

**What the Mathematical Nature Of This Proof Means.**

The mathematical nature of this proof means that Lee Vidor's thesis of an imposture by Christopher Marlowe in the literary works of William Shakespeare, based on the discovery of the Shakespeare-X Message, is not a speculation, not a conjecture, not a theory. It is an irrefutable and incontrovertible proof.

It therefore must be accepted in all quarters as fact.

Such a proof cannot be refuted by subjective opinion.

No matter how difficult it is to accept the astonishing result.

No matter how distinguished the academic literary reputation of the disputant.

Lee Vidor's thesis can only be refuted using the established laws of mathematics.

It does not matter in the slightest that there is a document in the historical records of the Queen's Coroner which states that Christopher Marlowe was murdered at Eleanor Bull’s house in May, 1593. The Shakespeare-X Message mathematically proves that the coroner’s document of 1593 does not present the truth of the matter in the death of Christopher Marlowe.

**In Conclusion:**

**The playwright Christopher Marlowe wrote the plays and poetry of William Shakespeare, publicly using the initials WS and the name of William Shakespeare in all its variations as a pseudonym.**

# To assist in the comprehension of the magnitude of the probability involved:

Mathematical probability gives that there is only 1 chance in 3.95 thousand trillion trillion that Christopher Marlowe is not the true author of the works of Shakespeare

This probability result number is more than *20,000 times* as high as the latest scientific estimate of the *maximum total number of stars in the entire known Universe.*

This probability result number is also more than *1.5 million trillion **times *as high as the highest estimated number of stars in our Milky Way galaxy.

**To provide a convenient non-specialist analogy: **

This calculated probability of 1 chance in 3.95 thousand trillion trillion is so remote that it is the same as the probability for any average person, (including you or I), becoming the sole winner of a typical European national lottery 282,142 million trillion times. Or for the US lottery, 49,375 *million trillion times*.

**Christopher Marlowe, wounded child of the angels, you are made immortal with a kiss.**